16. Procedures/Appeals

Barbee v. J.C. Penney – 16.73

Barbee v. J.C. Penney
Digest No. 16.73

Section 421.29(b), 421.33, 421.34, 421.38

Cite as: Barbee v JC Penney Corp, Inc, Unpublished Opinion of the Circuit Court for the County of Oakland, Issued January 26, 2006 (Docket No. 177083W).

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Appeal Pending: No
Claimant: Della M. Barbee
Employer: J.C. Penney Corporation, Inc.
Tribunal: Circuit Court for the County of Oakland
Date of Decision: January 26, 2006

HOLDING: The State of Michigan Employment Security Board of Review’s (“Board”) lacks jurisdiction to review untimely appeals.

FACTS: Claimant was employed by J.C. Penney as a Customer Service Associate until she was discharged for misconduct. Her alleged misconduct included obtaining fraudulent refunds, discount abuse, and unauthorized price adjustments. The Administrative Law Judge (“ALJ”) disqualified the claimant from benefits due to her misconduct under MCL 421.29(b).

Claimant appealed the ALJ’s decision to the State of Michigan Employment Security Board of Review (“Board”). The deadline to appeal was September 24, 2004, but claimant did not file her appeal until October 6, 2004. Pursuant to MCL 421.33, the Board dismissed the late appeal due to lack of jurisdiction.

Claimant did not seek rehearing or to reopen the case with the Board for good cause but instead, appealed to the Circuit Court (“Court”) for de novo review of the Board’s (1) arbitrary Appeal deadline and (2) the underlying determination in finding the Plaintiff guilty of misconduct.

DECISION: The Board’s deadlines cannot be challenged as arbitrary because they were set by the legislature and codified as MCL 421.33(2) and MCL 421.34. Additionally, the Circuit Court cannot de novo review claimant’s underlying determination because she appealed the Board’s decision. Finally, the Board’s order dismissing claimant’s appeal for lack of jurisdiction was proper.

RATIONALE: The Circuit Court ruled that the appeal deadlines were not arbitrary because they were established by the legislature through MCL 421.33(2) and MCL 421.34.

The Court also denied claimant’s appeal for de novo review of her underlying determination as guilty of misconduct. The Court noted that a claimant can appeal a referee’s (ALJ’s) decision to the Circuit Court directly under MCL 421.38(2). However, because the claimant appealed the Board’s decision and said decision did not include a review of claimant’s determination as guilty of misconduct, the Circuit Court lacks authority to de novo review the claimant’s guilty determination.

The Circuit Court reviewed the whole record to determine if claimant’s appeal was untimely. Pursuant to MCL 421.38(1), the standard for finding an appeal untimely is support by competent, material, and substantial evidence. After finding that the appeal was untimely under the standard, the Court affirmed the Board’s decision dismissing claimant’s untimely appeal for lack of jurisdiction under MCL 421.33.

Digest Author: Sean Higgins, Michigan Law, Class of 2017
Digest Updated: 3/27/2016

16. Procedures/Appeals

Ngo v Nabisco Inc/Lifesavers – 16.71

Ngo v Nabisco Inc/Lifesavers
Digest no. 16.71

Section 34, 38

Cite as: Ngo v Nabisco Inc/Lifesavers, unpublished opinion of the Ottawa County Circuit Court, issued June 9, 2000 (Docket No. 99-35034-AE).

Appeal pending: No
Claimant: Thiet Ngo
Employer: Nabisco Inc/Lifesavers
Docket no.: B1999-03348-152225
Date of decision: June 9, 2000

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CIRCUIT COURT HOLDING: Notwithstanding the opinion that evidence supporting a Board conclusion is less substantial when the Board disagrees with the Referee, the Board’s decision must be affirmed if the record contains evidence a reasonable mind would accept as adequate to support a conclusion.

FACTS: Employer discharged claimant for violating rules prohibiting the removal of company property without written authorization. Security guards stopped claimant and found two 50-count boxes of lollipops under a Burger King bag in his lunch box. He did not have a receipt showing they were purchased at employer’s company store and did not know when he bought them. The candy was not packaged like that for sale at the company store, and was not in a bag from the store. Claimant testified he unwrapped both boxes to snack on, but had not eaten any of the candy. The Referee found the claimant’s testimony credible that he previously purchased the candy and had thrown the receipt away. The Board rejected the Referee’s credibility finding and found claimant disqualified under Section 29(1)(b). The Board found the claimant not credible because he did not know when he bought the lollipops, bought them to snack on and removed the cellophane but did not eat any, then tried to remove them from the facility without a receipt.

DECISION: Claimant is disqualified for misconduct.

RATIONALE: Claimant argued that the Board did not give due deference to the Referee’s credibility finding, citing Michigan Employment Relations Comm v Detroit Symphony Orchestra, Inc, 393 Mich 116, 127 (1974), for the proposition that “evidence supporting a review board’s conclusion is less substantial when it disagrees with an experienced impartial examiner who has observed the witness,” to argue that there was insufficient evidence to support the Board’s conclusion. The court disagreed, observing that “less substantial” is not the same as “insubstantial” and that Section 34 authorizes the Board to “…reverse the findings of fact and decision of the referee.”

Digest Author: Board of Review (original digest here)
Digest Updated: